Jews, Church, & Civilization I

300 BCE: The ABACUS

Cites “Love Thy Neighbor as Thyself” (Leviticus 19:18) as centerpiece dogma (as will Jesus in the generation right after him). Hillel is integral to the development of the Talmud and an intellectual/religious counter–point to Shammai.

“School of Hillel” (Beit Hillel) generally prevails in Talmudic debates.

Both Hillel and Shamai are sages in Jerusalem, their tenures and schools overlapping with the birth nearby of the to–be central icon of Christianity. Hillel’s teachings, whose “time has come,” are accepted and codified. Hillel: “That which is hateful to you, do not do to your fellow… That is the whole Torah: “all the rest is commentary.”

8 BCE: HEROD THE TRULY GREAT

Work is completed on the final outer courtyards of Herod’s new Temple, a cutting–edge achievement.

4 BCE: THE “VARUS’ WAR”

–after Herod’s death, uprisings in Judea are brutally put down by the governor of Syria, Varus.

c. 4 BCE: JESUS IS BORN

• Jewish population ‘worldwide’: approximately 8 million (but heavily in the greater Mediterranean and Mesopotamian areas.

• Total world population: 200–300 million

• So, the Jewish population as a percentage of total

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