Jews, Church, & Civilization I

300 BCE: The ABACUS

 

of the Mauryan Empire. He then conquers and unifies most of South Asia, along with parts of Afghanistan and Iran. After conquering the adjacent kingdom of Kalinga in 265 BCE, Ashoka has regrets over his warlike tendencies, adopts Buddhism, and makes it the official religion of the Mauryan Empire.

In the 260s BCE, Ashoka grants increasing religious and social tolerance, as well as animal rights. He builds hospitals for the poor and for animals, and treats his subjects as equals regardless of class or creed. He promotes non–violence and republicanism. His historical zenith is probably the Edicts of Ashoka, which codify his historic reforms.

250 BCE: THE “REPEATING CROSSBOW”–featured in drawings from the records of Chu (in China).

250 BCE: THE SEPTUAGINT (THE SEVENTY)

Greek King of Egypt, Ptolemy II Philadelphus, has 72 Jewish scholars translate the Five Books of Moses (as well as other books from the Tanach) into Greek.

Note: The title “The Septuagint” (a.k.a. “The LXX”) comes from the Greek number 70 (rounded–off from 72).

One wonders…if they rounded off the precise number in their own title, whether they also rounded off the translations….

247 BCE: PARTHIA

Parthian kingdom, whose center of gravity is northeast

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