Jews, Church, & Civilization IV

INTRODUCTION

1543 CE: COPERNICUS WRITES THAT EARTH REVOLVES AROUND SUN

1543 CE: ALLIANCE

–between Henry VIII and Charles V (Holy Roman Emperor) against Scotland and France.

1543 CE: HOUSE OF CATECHUMENS

February 19: Italy

It was established by the Vatican. The sole purpose of the house, supported by forced Jewish taxation, was to further-along identified potential converts from Judaism. A potential convert sent there was subjected to 40 days of intense “instruction.” If he declined baptism after that time, he was allowed to return to his home – but few declined. Well over 3,000 Jews were converted in Rome alone via this modality before the ‘house’ was abolished in 1810. Other ‘houses’ were set up in various Italian cities.

1544 CE: TRUCE

(European) Ferdinand I of Spain and (Ottoman) Suleiman I agree to truce.

1544 CE: HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR CHARLES V

April 3: Was convinced by (Jewish community leader advocate) Josel of Rosheim (a.k.a. Joselmann a.k.a. Yoselmann) to condemn the ritual murder accusations.

(The reign of Charles V was from 1519 – 1556 CE.)

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