Jews, Church, & Civilization IV

INTRODUCTION

1545 CE: COUNTER–REFORMATION COMMENCES

Council of Trent – to span twenty-five sessions thru 1563 – opens for the revival of the Catholic Church vis à vis the Protestant Reformation.

(Trent was located inside the Holy Roman Empire, now Italy)

The Council more lucidly re-defines the official Catholic theology and biblical canon.

The Counter-Reformation a.k.a. the Catholic Reformation a.k.a. the Catholic Revival—is generally denoted as spanning the period bracketed by the commencement of the Council of Trent (1545) and ending with the close of the Thirty Years War (1648) 103 years later.

[The next major Catholic ‘Ecumenical’ Council – The First Vatican Council – would take place over 300 years later (also in Rome, but at the Vatican). Its best-known decision was its definition of papal infallibility.]

1545 CE: FINALE

In (Anglican) Henry VIII’s last speech to Parliament, he says that Papist, Lutheran, Anabaptist are names devised by the devil to sunder one man’s heart from another.
[Henry reigned from 1509-1547CE, 37 years, 282 days]

1545 CE: LUTHER v. VATICAN

Luther writes Against the Papacy at Rome – an Institution of the Devil.

(born and died in Eisleben, Saxony, Holy Roman Empire: b.1483 Saxony, d. 1546 CE)

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