Jews, Church, & Civilization IV

INTRODUCTION

1546 CE: REAFFIRMATION OF CHRISTIAN CANON

At the Council of Trent, the Catholic Church reaffirms once and for all the full list of 27 holy books. The council also confirms the inclusion of the Deuterocanonical books which had been a part of the Bible canon since the early Church and had been confirmed at the councils of 393, 373, 787 and 1442 CE.

1547 CE: HENRY VIII DIES

1547 CE: IVAN THE TERRIBLE

Ivan IV Vasilyevich, The Terrible: Czar of Russia 1533-1584. Forced conversions of Polish Jews (conquered by his Russians) to Greek Orthodoxy were his legacy to the Jews.

[b. 1533; d. 1584 CE]

1547 CE: ASOLO, ITALY

November 22: One of the few pogroms recorded in Italy. Ten Jews in a town of thirty Jews were killed and their houses robbed with no apparent motives.

1548 CE: FRANCISCO SUAREZ

–through 1617 (Spain)

He was considered a major Jesuit theologian and philosopher. Suarez advocated the banning of the Talmud and barring the building of synagogues, as well as forbidding “any familiarity with Jews.”

1549 CE: (ORIGINAL) BOOK OF COMMON PRAYER

–of the Church of England by Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury from December 1533 – December 1555.

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