Jews, Church, & Civilization V



Twenty–five–year–old Frenchman Alexis de Tocqueville, after nine months of travel across America to study the new democracy on behalf of the French government, issues his report (with fellow researcher, traveler and writer Gustave de Beaumont). Initially the focus was intended to be the American prison system, but the researcher–authors expanded their mandate and examined a wide range of issues and institutions.

Democracy in America, which was published in numerous editions in the 19th century, and eventually in the 20th, emerges as a classic work in political science, social science and history. Among the book’s many astute observations and predictions is that slavery would eventually tear America apart. The book also predicted that the US and the Soviet Union would emerge as rival superpowers.

De Tocqueville observed that in American democracy, the “tyranny of the majority” was always a lurking possibility. However, aside from some marginal issues, that particular threat has rarely seen reality to date.

De Tocqueville felt that transient public opinion and the masses held too much political clout, and would ultimately lower the intellectual level of the country.

The work contains many nuances and prescient observations, which ended up explaining America to Americans themselves.


Was the first Jew to be elected Sheriff of London. He was a successful banker who led the fight for Jewish equality in England. In 1855 he became Lord Mayor of London.

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