Jews, Church, & Civilization V

INTRODUCTION

1839 CE: FORCED CONVERSION AT MESHED

March 27: Persia

Influenced by other anti-Jewish riots under the Kajar Dynasty in Persia, the local community attacked the Jewish quarter. The synagogue was destroyed, over 30 Jews were killed and the rest of the community was threatened with annihilation. Moslem leaders offered to prevent further riots on condition that the Jews convert, which they ostensibly did. The Jews became known as Jadid al-Islam or New Moslems, thus, in public ending the presence of a Jewish community in Meshed. In secret, however, they continued to practice Judaism, taking whatever opportunities presented themselves to flee the city with their families.

1839 CE: MOSES MONTEFIORE

–calls for a Jewish state in the holy land.

Wikipedia –

“Jewish philanthropy and the Holy Land were at the center of Montefiore’s interests. He traveled there by carriage and ship seven times, sometimes accompanied by his wife. He visited for the first time in 1827, followed by visits in 1838, 1849, 1855, 1857, 1866, and 1875. He made his last trip at the age of 91.

Montefiore donated large sums of money to promote industry, education and health. Montefiore left an indelible mark on the Jerusalem landscape with the windmill in Yemin Moshe, named after him, which was the first Jewish neighborhood built outside the Old City walls.

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